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Escaping into media and political stability

Written by Johannes Danielmeyer

Paper category

Term Paper

Subject

Psychology

Year

2020

Abstract

Term Paper: Escape from one reality and create another reality? At first glance, it sounds like science fiction, but it is actually a (mainly subconscious) method commonly used by the whole society. Instead of dealing with problems that occur in reality, it is better to avoid confrontation with participation in media use and create reality to escape reality. This phenomenon is called escapism. The physical world will not change with these behaviors, but the psychological perception will change. A classic example of evading the media is berole playing video games. Instead of trying to improve one's status, knowledge, etc. in reality, it is better to escape to a virtual world and create a (perceived) second reality. Over time, when participating in role-playing video games, not only real personal factors and success criteria (such as education, work, and knowledge) are important and recognized, but also the level of the virtual world, game ability, and professional knowledge standards are also important . The possibility of escaping from the alternative world and avoiding real-life problems increases. Social, political, and economic dissatisfaction can be suppressed. The conclusion should be aware of the influence of escapism on these factors. Especially for maintaining political direction and political ideology (such as capitalism), the importance of escapism media should not be ignored. Protests, resistances, and even revolutions aimed at changing political directions or systems may be avoided by escapism and the existence and instrumentalization of the media (such as the government). In connection with media use, individuals and groups may have more opportunities to plan actions that undermine political stability. Perhaps especially because of opportunities to escape reality through the media, Western societies have experienced mostly stable political ideologies in recent centuries (fewer rebellions and still have a capitalist economic system). 2. Theoretical background For the definition of the term escapism, there is very little scientific consensus (Stenseng & Phelps 2016). Before the publication of the Stenseng model in 2012, the general understanding of escapism was related to the one-dimensional concept of people running away from problematic life situations (Reid et al., 2011). Strenseng is generally very invested in the field of escapism. He introduced the two-dimensional model of escapism, showing that the use of escapism is in a different context. These two dimensions describe two motives for avoiding. The new dimension introduced in 2012 is self-expanding. It stems from the motivation to discover new aspects of oneself through experience. The second dimension is self-inhibition. It stems from the motivation to avoid unpleasant thoughts and emotions (Stenseng & Phelps 2016). Especially self-inhibition and escape from dissatisfaction and other emotions. The second concept is crucial for linking the psychological concept of escapism about media use with the content of this article. This concept is political stability and can be explained by a two-dimensional model. The first dimension will describe the degree of agreement between the opinions of members of society and the actions taken by political actors. The second dimension will describe the extent to which members of society are willing to take action against political behaviors that contradict their personal views, beliefs, or opinions. Political stability is affected by the political behavior of all members of society. Political behavior describes the behavior of any member of society that affects the distribution of power to make decisions for society (Ake 1975). Summarize that all actions taken by members of society affect political stability. Behaviors that undermine political stability are the result of dissatisfaction with the current situation (ie, economic and social dissatisfaction). As in the past, political stability has extremely important significance and aspirations for regional and national development (Radu 2015). The more stable the politics of a society, the less likely it is that rebellion will occur, which will damage the authority or revolutionary behavior of political actors and lead to changes in the political system or ideology. Because there is very little scientific evidence—studying the connection between evading reality and the media, and moving toward the desire to pursue political stability—the examples will inevitably be guessed. 3. Research issues & structure Lack of awareness of the connection between escaping from reality (related to various media such as mass media, digital media, interactive media, new media, etc.) and political stability. This is obvious considering the small amount of academic research and scientific effort done on the subject. In order to facilitate academic research, it is necessary to investigate the actual relationship between evasion from reality and the media's influence on political stability. The following research questions link the past and present media evasion from reality to the corresponding social and economic conditions. Will draw conclusions and look to the future to be given. What role does the media’s evasion of reality play in the pursuit of political stability? 4. Development over time Before providing current time examples and investigative effects, early development must be considered. The first example of the old age, within the Roman Empire, escapism and certain media can be linked to political stability. Back in the past, the overall working exhaust was very high, especially for the middle and low class. The personal political influence is very small. What happened initially as a gambling opportunity was later instrumentalized due to political stability. Gladiator game-a cruel race to decide glory or death. Read Less