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Journey through the Sahara Desert and the Mediterranean Sea

Assessing the Decision of Nigerian Migrants in Germany

Written by Anonymous

Paper category

Master Thesis

Subject

Cultural Studies

Year

2021

Abstract

Master Thesis: Migration through the Sahara Desert and the Mediterranean Sea have attracted much interest over recent years. The 2015 influx, and deaths across the channel have led to increased interests on the topic. It’s been studied that the channel of travel entails great resilience as migrants suffer from so many hardships, assaults and even death while on the journey. Questions to ask include why these migrants take on such journey and what are the end benefits of such strides. This research focuses on the individual perspectives of migrants concerning the journey, aspirations, migration drivers, challenges, resilience, agencies, coping mechanisms and assessment of their decision to migrate - even through the channel, after some months/years living in Europe. The resettlement feeling which is measured on scales from „Very well“ to „not well“ are used to ascertain migrant’s perception on if they are happy with their migration decisions. To determine whether this resettlement feeling changes with other factors, time already lived in Europe, migrants’ type of job and residence/ documentation status are used as independent measures for assessment. Nigerian migrants living in Germany who came through the Sahara desert and the Mediterranean Sea are used as a case study. About 15 migrants were randomly sampled and primary data were retrieved via questionnaires, interviews, and participatory observations. It was observed that Nigerian migrants who travelled through this route migrate to Europe mainly for economic reasons, as well as for human security, equal rights issues, corruption, internationalization, self-actualization needs, and hopes for better live. About 86% of migrants among other factors, agreed to have come to Europe for economic reasons or job security. Migrants faced challenges on their journey as well as in Germany which have affected their adaption. Challenges faced in Germany include language, racism, Germany’s immigration policies and its people’s unsociable culture, as well as weather conditions. It took the 47% of total participants who are well resettled about 10 years in Germany on average to do so. Learning the new language, associating with the locals through sport and religious activities, taking up low-skilled jobs, finding work through friends, networks, job agencies and through other intra-personal endeavors/skills were coping/ resilience mechanisms. Migrants job type was the main factors affecting assessments on migration decisions, but time living in Germany also played a role. Migrants would rather stay in Europe, and were good with their decisions to migrate, but will never advise friends to come to Europe through the Sahara Desert and/ or the Mediterranean Sea. Read Less