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Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Activities of Swedish Multinational Companies (MNCs) Contributing to Economic and Social Development in the Argentinean Society

A CSR focus on the society in a developing country

Written by Linda Davidsson

Paper category

Master Thesis

Subject

Business Administration>General

Year

2004

Abstract

Master Thesis: What is CSR? The theoretical framework is divided into two parts: 4-What is CSR? And 5- How to apply corporate social responsibility? The theories proposed in these two parts will be used in the subsequent analysis of the research problem. The reason for this theoretical framework is to introduce the concept of CSR to readers first, and then discuss how to use CSR in practice. The first part (What is CSR?) provides readers with information on the evolution of CSR, and discusses the concept of CSR and CSR-related concepts. The first two sections should be read as a tool for understanding the following theories. This chapter continues to use the corporate social responsibility pyramid theory to describe the concept of corporate social responsibility used in this article. After this introduction, I think it is appropriate to focus on one of the basic elements of corporate social responsibility, that is, stakeholders, first of all, the stakeholder group that this article focuses on—society. Finally, the first part of the theoretical framework discusses the company's purpose and responsibilities. These theories are the basis for answering the first research question. 1. According to representatives of Swedish multinational companies operating in Argentina and actively and consciously cooperating with corporate social responsibility; what is a socially responsible company? 4.1 The evolution of CSRH. R. Bowen is considered to be the one who introduced the modern debate on CSR. In 1953, Bowen first proposed the term CSR, suggesting that companies should take into account the goals and values ​​of society (Wartick & Cochran, 1985). However, Mitchell (1989; in Windsor, 2001) actually traced the emergence of the concept of corporate social responsibility back to the 1920s as an ideological movement aimed at legitimizing the power of large companies. Carroll (1989) dates back to an earlier time, claiming that Adam Smith’s 19th-century classic economic model "the invisible hand" is an example of early corporate social responsibility. In short, Smith believes that if a company responds to market demand, society will get what it wants (Carroll, 1989). Since the introduction of the term CSR in the 1950s and later, the concept has gained considerable acceptance and broader meaning (Carroll, 1989). Windsor (2001) believes that corporate social responsibility allows companies to play a role when facing serious social problems. However, the problem is far greater than the company's ability to solve the problem. This became very obvious in the 1960s and 1970s, such as pollution control and equal employment opportunities. 5 How to apply corporate social responsibility? The second part of the theoretical framework introduces the theories that will be used to answer the second and third research questions in the following analysis. 2. What kind of corporate social responsibility activities have been carried out by Swedish multinational companies operating in Argentina and actively and consciously cooperating with corporate social responsibility in order to contribute to the economic and social development of the Argentine society? 3. Swedish multinational companies operate in Argentina and actively and consciously cooperate with corporate social responsibility. What is the motivation for engaging in the corporate social responsibility activities mentioned in the second research question? The second part of the theoretical framework first introduces the practice of corporate social responsibility and a brief overview of CSR international recommendations. After that, the characteristics of different industries and the relationship between these characteristics and corporate social responsibility were discussed. How to apply for corporate social responsibility? Continue to use more specific theories to discuss the degree of participation in corporate social responsibility activities, corporate social responsibility in developing countries, and strategic or charitable contributions to society. The last theory describes the motivation for participating in CSR activities. This chapter ends with a summary model for analysis. 5.1 CSR Practice Banerjee (2001; in Marrewijk, 2003:96) believes that CSR is “too wide and has nothing to do with the organization”. Henderson (2002) confirmed the lack of a solid and complete consensus on the function of CSR as an obstacle to action. The diversity and overlap of terminology make it more complicated for corporate executives to decide and implement CSR. Marrewijk (2003) emphasized that the all-encompassing definition of CSR that academia is striving to agree on must be broadly defined, so it will be too vague and useless in academic debates and commercial implementation. Marrevijk (2003) proposed an alternative; a set of different methods, corresponding to the various environments in which the company operates. He further added that each company should choose the concepts and definitions to use so that the definitions match the company's goals and strategy. Marrewijk (2003:95) believes that attempts to obtain "one solution fits all" CSR definition should be abandoned. One of the difficulties in obtaining a definition that we may reach a consensus on is that the problem of operationally determining the definition means to business executives (Carroll, 1989). Carroll (1989) continued to emphasize that the scale of organizations, product types, profitability and resources, and impact on society are all different, so companies have different ways of practicing CSR. Read Less