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How Television Effects Children’s Speech and Language Development, Health and Concentration

Written by Helena Kaiser

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Term Paper: The influence of television 3.1. Impact on children's speech and language development Television can have a negative and positive impact on children's speech and language development. Various studies have shown that it is not yet clear what factors play a role in children's speech development and language development. Many factors must be considered, such as personality, environment, and perception (Chonchaiya and Pruksananonda, 2008). The time spent watching TV and the program the child is watching are two factors that affect the child's speech and language development process. Studies have shown that children who watch TV for more than 2 hours experience delays in speech and language accumulation (Byeon and Hong, 2015). The longer the child watches TV, the higher the risk of language delay (Byeon and Hong, 2015). One way children learn is through imitation, which is why if they watch educational or non-educational TV programs, it is likely to affect their vocabulary. Educational and informative TV programs can enhance children's vocabulary (Linebarger and Vaala, 2010). This also had an impact on their teenage years. Children who watch educational programs are more likely to acquire stronger narrative skills, higher academic confidence, and book reading in their free time (Linebarger and Vaala, 2010). In addition, because communication is interactive, programs such as "Dora the Explorer" have less impact on language delay than non-interactive TV programs (Ansari and Crosnoe, 2016). In the process of watching TV, parents and children only focus on the screen. This will reduce the communication between parents and children, leading to delayed language development in children (Byeon and Hong, 2015) 3.2 Impact on children's health The impact of television has both positive and negative effects on children's health. Children can play an active role when watching TV. After the age of 3, children want to start learning and participate in "active-based programs" (Canadian Pediatric Society, 2017). This can be used to encourage children to exercise while watching TV. This may also cause children to engage in more physical activities outdoors. Although TV can enhance children's motivation, research also shows that children watching TV too early will make them more likely to be overweight in later life (Courage and Setliff, 2010). Watching TV can not only become daily life, they also face advertisements for unhealthy foods (Canadian Association of Pediatrics, 2017), which leads to higher food intake in general (Communication and Media Committee, 2011/Hingel und Kunkel, 2012) ). Research on food advertising shows that they directly affect buying behavior, consumption and food choices (Kennedy, 2000). In addition, research has shown that insufficient sleep can increase the risk of obesity (Communication and Media Committee, 2011). TV has a devastating effect on sleep patterns, especially if you have a TV in your own bedroom. Insufficient sleep leads to more unhealthy foods in the middle of the night, which leads to a higher risk of obesity (Communications and Media Committee, 2011). Studies have shown that watching TV for more than three hours a day can cause disturbances in sleep patterns and may cause problems with later sleep behavior (Dworak et al., 2007). Sleep is essential for the development of children (Dworak et al., 2007), because during sleep the brain processes the events of the previous day. Due to the interruption of sleep patterns, the brain will not be able to process everything at night and work overtime during the day. This may lead to an increase in aggressive behavior and social problems (Dwork et al., 2007). Mental health, poor academic performance, and medical problems are all the result of interrupted sleep (Dwork et al., 2007). In addition, many TV shows show violence, sexual behavior, and general risk-taking behavior. This leads to the promotion of violence and risk-taking behavior (Kennedy, 2000). 3.3 The effect on children's attention If there is a correlation between children's TV watching and decreased attention span, there are many speculations. Some studies have shown that the longer children watch TV, the more attention problems they have (Christsakis et al., 2004). There are many people who worry that excessive TV watching will lead to ADHD or minor deficits “(such as restlessness) in their later childhood” (Courage and Setliff, 2010). This can lead to complications when processing information in social interactions (Courage and Setliff, 2010). In addition, due to the rapid development of video and sound, televisions have "synaptic connections in neural networks" (Courage and Setliff, 2010) are disturbed, resulting in insufficient attention span. The time spent watching TV is also a factor to consider. Children who spend more time watching TV clearly indicate that they are at greater risk of lowering attention (Swing et al, 2010). The development of children's attention is closely related to sleep patterns (Dworak et al, 2009). Destructive sleep patterns can lead to insufficient memory span and learning process (Dworak et al., 2009). Theories show that emotions are closely related to the learning process, and the learning process is greatly affected. Read Less