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Theoretical Critique Habit Formation Business Decision Making Maxted Neal

Written by Anonymous

Paper category

Term Paper

Subject

Business Administration>General

Year

2020

Abstract

Term Paper: Our life is the sum of our habits. The things you do repeatedly shape who you are, the personality you portray, and what you believe in. Habit is a pattern of behavior in which we repeatedly and sometimes unconsciously participate. They are designed to make things happen without much consideration (Psychology Today, 2020). This means that the behavior is not necessarily intentional, it can be intentional activation or elimination to suit personal goals. The ideal is to develop a habit to pursue one's own goals. Good habits can help you meet your daily needs more effectively. However, even when bad habits cause more problems than they solve, it is difficult to break them. As mentioned earlier, habit can be described as repetitive behavior, which can happen automatically and unconsciously. Habits are good or bad, and you usually want or don't want to repeat them. Good habits are characterized by long-term benefits, but short-term negatives. So, for example, when you start exercising, you will feel quite tired and your muscles will sore, but after a while, your body will become healthier. On the other hand, bad habits have short-term benefits and can become negative in the long run. An example might be eating fast food frequently. It is said that it tastes good, but in the long run, it has a negative effect on the body and health. As James Clear said: "The price of good habits is now, and the price of bad habits is later." The process of habit formation can be divided into four stages: prompts, desires, reactions and rewards. This pattern forms the framework for each habit formation, and the brain follows these steps in the process of activating the habit. Charles Duhigg calls this pattern a habit cycle. Our brain is triggered by a cue, and when the desire for rewards associated with that cue is activated, it initiates a behavior. This desire for reward drives the act of creating rewards. Our brain constantly and unconsciously analyzes our internal and external environment for clues, which triggers the desire for rewards because they are the driving force that triggers every habit. Every desire is related to the desire to change the inner state (Clear, 2020). However, habits are not universal, which is why clues and triggers vary from person to person. Take my father as an example. He is a heavy smoker. He has a habit of smoking whenever he gets in the car or someone calls him. In this case, entering the car is a cue for him to light a cigarette, because his desire for cigarettes is triggered. Responding to hints is a practical habit, namely execution. It depends on the motivation of the effort associated with the action. So, if it requires more mental or physical activity than you are willing to propose, you will not try to chase rewards. Critical assessment is not that the habits we call are actually habits, because routines and rituals are often mistaken for habits. However, there are fundamental differences between them. In order to develop good habits and well-designed routines, it is important to understand the differences. A habit is usually an impulse that manifests itself automatically, and a habit is deliberately practiced, such as making the bed in the morning. Habits and routines are usually repetitive, but routines require greater effort and intention. Routines may become habit, but this requires a lot of time and the right technique, because you have to turn routines into habit. On the other hand, some rituals can be compared to routines, but routines are usually things that must be done, and rituals are more meaningful and valuable, such as drinking coffee in bed and reading a good book every Sunday morning. Rituals are not necessarily religious or spiritual, they are just a way to increase mindfulness in daily life. Philosophers see habits as indicators of who a person is, because our daily lives reveal the details of the entire world. Aristotle discovered people's intellectual and moral qualities through the study of habits, and learned more about their characteristics in such aspects as kindness. For Aristotle, a person's character is defined by the final sum of habits. However, for him, there are two habits. The other is a way of life, a kind of personality, which emphasizes that moral cultivation is the way to a moral life. Over the centuries, the meaning of habit has changed until the philosopher David Hume concluded that habit is the glue of the universe and all thought operations depend on it (Antilla-Aeon, 2019). He believes that habit is an important tool that allows us to navigate the world and understand its operating principles (Antilla-Aeon, 2019). Therefore, according to the two philosophers, habits are not just routines that help us live more effectively, they also show who we are. This theory can be supported by science, that habits are formed in the basal ganglia, which is the emotional center of the brain. At the same time, the executive and logical prefrontal cortex in the brain acts as a counterpart, trying to persuade the emotional part to stop engaging in so-called bad behaviors. Failure to exercise the prefrontal cortex can lead to bad habits, while a well-trained prefrontal cortex exhibits a high degree of self-control and discipline (Power of Positivity, 2020). There are ways to eliminate bad habits and encourage good ones. In order to eliminate bad habits, you should carefully consider why you develop bad habits and determine if there are other options. Read Less