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Circular Economy in the Clothing Industry

Challenges and Strategies

Written by André Manuel Ribeiro Rosa

Paper category

Master Thesis

Subject

Economics

Year

2016

Abstract

Master Thesis: The concept of circular economy circular economy (CE) was first developed by British environmental economists David W. Pierce and R. Kerry Turner (Pearce & Turner, 1989) (Perman, Ma, McGilvray, & Common, 2003). (Heshmati, 2015) proposed. In the book "Natural Resources and Environmental Economics" published for the first time in 1989, two economists outlined a new policy stance on environmental economics, which should point to maintaining a non-declining nature The capital stock (see Figure 2) and the coexistence of the economy and the environment in equilibrium. Natural environment (Pearce & Turner, 1989) (Heshmati, 2015). For the purpose of this exploratory research, CE is defined as a sustainable development strategy (Heshmati, 2015). In the context of industrial organizations, its scope is no pollution and waste (Heshmati, 2015) (Pearce & Turner, 1989) . CE’s 3R principles—reduce, reuse and recycle—consider a cyclic, closed-loop system in which materials can safely re-enter the natural environment or circulation by intention or design, but not in the production system Caused a large amount of quality loss (Pearce & Turner, 1989)) (Perman, Ma, McGilvray, and Common, 2003). Therefore, CEconcept can be compared with the concept of linear economy, in which a company consumes resources, produces goods, and processes the results of its economic activities (Heshmati, 2015). In the 1970s, it reflected increasing concerns about the increasingly serious nature of environmental degradation and the limited nature of resources. The earth (Brundtland, et al., 1987), the concept of sustainability and the interdependence between economic activities and the state of the natural environment appeared on the world political agenda (Perman, Ma, McGilvray, & Common, 2003), and established A turning point in the development of global environmental politics (United Nations-Department of Economic and Social Affairs, na). The United Nations (UN) Conference on the Human Environment was held in Stockholm, Sweden from June 5 to 16, 1972. It was the first major United Nations conference on international environmental issues (United Nations-Ministry of Economic and Social Affairs, na) and led in 1972. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was created in December, which is responsible for coordinating global initiatives to promote sustainability (Perman, Ma, McGilvray and Common, 2003) (Pearce and Turner, 1989). In 1980, the IUCN strategy of the World Conservation Organization was the first report to put forward the concept of sustainable development (International Union for Conservation of Nature, 1980). Three years later, in 1983, the United Nations established the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) to reassess key environmental and development issues and propose new forms of global cooperation on identified issues. 2.2. Innovation diffusion For the purpose of this exploratory research, innovation diffusion is the process of showing and disseminating specific innovations to members of the social system over time (Karakaya, 2014) (Rao, 2010). Generally speaking, the diffusion process follows the S-curve, and different diffusion models are applied over time in order to transform the S-shaped mode of innovation diffusion into mathematical equations (Rao, 2010) (Meade N, 2006). By modeling the dissemination of innovations, it is possible to predict these dissemination processes and develop methods to enable different technologies to be disseminated more quickly and effectively through dissemination channels and among their potential users (Meade, 2006). These different communication models are usually divided into five stages of the communication of innovation—awareness, interest, evaluation, experimentation, and adoption (Rao, 2010). Although there is a certain degree of uncertainty in the time and scope of technology dissemination, system members can be further divided into innovators, early adopters, early masses, late masses, and laggards; this classification depends on the society in which the technology is introduced into research The time since the system was adopted (Rao, 2010). For the purpose of this exploratory research, the members of the social system are consumers, and the technology introduced is textile recycling technology. 2.3. Textile waste As far as used clothes are concerned, the treatment of non-used clothes has the greatest impact on the natural environment, and has not yet been obtained. Widely recognized (Slater, 2003). Although natural fibers such as cotton and wool generate methane gas, polyester—the most common non-biodegradable synthetic fiber in the apparel industry—can remain in the soil for decades (Slater, 2003). In countries such as the United Kingdom-the third largest exporter of second-hand textiles in the world in 2014 (WRAP, 2016)-high-quality clothing is reused through charity shops, textile banks or door-to-door charity bags (WRAP, 2016). Almost half of the clothing is not retailed in the United States as part of the second-hand clothing trade worth 36.7 billion Swedish kronor (4.4 billion US dollars). Stores or unwanted clothing are sold and shipped to Africa and South Asia for resale in the local second-hand market (WRAP, 2016 Years) (Rodgers, 2015). According to 2010 data, more than half of the textiles collected in the UK for reuse, recycling or reuse are exported (WRAP, 2016), while 32% will be reused in the country and 9% will be used for recycling (WRAP, 2016)). However, almost half of the old clothes in the UK ended up being landfilled or incinerated, and this number decreased between 2010 and 2014. Read Less